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Volvo began producing the 140 series in the autumn of 1966 for the 1967 model year. Up until the end of production in 1974, 1,205,111 Volvo 142, 144 and 145s were produced. At this site, you can learn the significance of the numbers in the model designation.

This site also contains a table showing how many 142s, 144s and 145s were produced.

For more information about the history of the Volvo 140 series, please click here! (Opens link in new window.)

Understanding the model designation system and the chassis number:
 

 

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The car above is a 1974 Volvo 142 DL with the typenumber 1421341A. With the introduction of the 140 series, Volvo also introduced a new system of model designation. The first number identified which model it was, the second number identified the number of cylinders, and the third number identified the number of doors. The designation system occupied the
first three numbers of the chassis number of each car.

The remaining numbers of the chassis number specified each car's equipment. The letter at the end of the serial number indicates the year model.

1421341A
The first number identifies the model.

1421341A
The second number indicates the number of cylinders (in comparison, the Volvo 164, having six cylinders, would be "6").

1421341A
The third number indicates the number of doors.
2 = two door body
4 = four door body
5 = five door body (station wagon)

1421341A
The fourth number indentifies the type of engine:
1 = The car is equipped with the B18A engine until 1968. From 1969, the car is equipped with the B20A engine.
2 = The car is equipped with the B18D engine until 1968. From 1969, the car is equipped with the B20D engine.
3 = The car is equipped with the B18B engine until 1968. From 1969, the car is equipped with the B20B engine.
4 = The car is equipped with the fuel injected B20E engine.
6 = The car is equipped with the B20F engine.

1421341A
The fifth number identifies the body type or the fitting of a sunroof:
1 = Station wagon with glass rear cargo side windows replaced by sheet-metal. Heightened roof.
2 = Base model.
3 = Standard body without sunroof (normal roof).
4 = ?
5 = Standard body with sunroof.
6 = Station wagon with heightened roof.
7 = Station wagon with glass rear cargo side windows. Heightened roof.
8 = GL without sunroof.
9 = GL with sunroof.

1421341A
The sixth number indicates the type of transmission fitted:
2 = M400 (3.54)
3 = M410 (3.54)
4 = M40/M400 (four-speed)
5 = M41/M410 (four-speed with overdrive)
6 = BW35 (three-speed automatic gearbox)
7 = ?
8 = M40/M400 (four-speed with column-shift gear change)

1421341A
The seventh number indicates the market:
1 = Left-hand drive.
2 = Right-hand drive.
3 = Left-hand drive excluding California.
4 = Left-hand drive, California only.
8 = Left-hand drive, assembled in Belgium (VENV) and Canada.
9 = Right-hand driven, assembled in Australia, Malaysia and South Africa.

1421341A
The letter indicated yearmodel, according to the following table:

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